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  • Writer's pictureRicardo Vargues - Fisioterapeuta

Sciatic Pain: How physiotherapy can help in the treatment of sciatic pain.

Do you suffer from sciatic pain? If so, you know how debilitating and incapacitating this condition can be. Sciatic pain occurs when the sciatic nerve, which runs from the lower back to the legs, is compressed or damaged by various factors such as herniated discs, spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal), or spinal cord injuries. This can lead to sharp and throbbing pain, tingling, muscle weakness, and even a burning sensation.

It is essential to seek medical treatment as soon as the first symptoms appear to avoid complications in the future and to improve your quality of life.

Causes of sciatic pain
Causes of sciatic pain.

Prevalence of sciatic pain.

Sciatic pain is a common health problem that affects many people worldwide. The prevalence of sciatic pain is difficult to determine accurately, but it is estimated that about 40% of people experience some form of sciatic pain during their lifetime.

This type of pain can impact people of all ages, but it is more common in people over 40 years old and in people who lead a sedentary lifestyle. Factors such as obesity, smoking, spinal cord injuries, and heavy physical work can also increase the risk of developing sciatic pain.

Although sciatic pain can be debilitating, most people fully recover with proper treatment. It is important to seek help if you suffer from sciatic pain, to obtain an accurate diagnosis and begin an effective treatment plan.

How can I help you with physiotherapy?

Physiotherapy can be an effective treatment option for sciatic pain. The goal is to reduce pain and inflammation, improve mobility and flexibility, and prevent future injuries. Together we will develop a personalized treatment plan to meet your specific needs.

Strengthening exercises are a key component of physiotherapy treatment for sciatic pain. They help strengthen the muscles of the lower back and abdomen, helping to relieve pressure on the sciatic nerve. Stretching exercises are also essential for improving flexibility and reducing muscle tension.

In addition, I use manual therapy techniques such as vertebral mobilization or myofascial release. These techniques help reduce muscle tension, promote vertebral mobility, and improve blood circulation, contributing to the relief of sciatic pain.

People with chronic sciatic pain have their quality of life significantly affected. It is important to note that treating chronic sciatic pain can take time and require additional effort on your part, but with a personalized treatment plan and regular specialized follow-up, many patients experience significant improvement in their condition.

Benefits of physical therapy

The benefits of physiotherapy for sciatica are numerous. In addition to relieving pain, physiotherapy helps improve posture and body mechanics, which can prevent future injuries. Physiotherapy also helps improve quality of life by allowing you to perform daily activities more easily.

Another benefit of physiotherapy is that it is a non-invasive and non-pharmacological option for treating sciatica pain. This means you don't have to worry about the side effects of medication or the risks associated with surgery.

How to prevent recurrence of sciatic pain after treatment with physiotherapy?

Although it is not always possible to avoid sciatic pain, there are some measures you can take to reduce the risk of recurrence:

  • Maintain proper posture when sitting, standing, and sleeping;

  • Avoid lifting heavy objects and making sudden movements that can cause spinal injuries;

  • Regularly practice exercises to maintain flexibility, muscle strength, and endurance;

  • Stretch before and after exercise to prevent muscle injuries;

  • Take measures to reduce stress, such as practicing meditation, yoga, or other relaxing activities of your interest;

  • Staying hydrated ensures the health and function of the intervertebral discs (cushioning the loads applied on them, as well as allowing spinal mobility);

  • Healthy habits such as a balanced diet and adequate sleep can help prevent the return of sciatic pain symptoms.


Is physical therapy painful?

Physical therapy is generally not painful. The treatment is non-invasive and helps to relieve pain without surgery.

How many physical therapy sessions are needed to treat sciatica pain?

The number of physical therapy sessions needed to treat sciatica pain can vary depending on the severity of the condition and the individual needs of the patient. There is no fixed number of sessions.

What are the long-term benefits of physical therapy for sciatica pain?

Physical therapy for sciatica pain can offer long-term benefits such as improved mobility, strengthened muscles, and reduced pressure on the sciatic nerve. This can help prevent future injuries and improve quality of life.


In summary, sciatica pain can be a debilitating condition that significantly affects people's quality of life. Fortunately, physical therapy offers a variety of techniques to treat and prevent it. With my specialized help in treating sciatica pain and regular exercise, it is possible to relieve your symptoms and increase your physical ability. It is important to remember that each individual responds to treatment differently, so it is essential to seek professional and personalized help for effective results. If you suffer from this pain, do not hesitate to schedule an evaluation right now so that together we can find the solution that works best for you and your condition.

Always remember: health is essential!

I hope this article has been helpful and informative. If you have any questions or comments, please feel free to leave them in the comments section below!

Ricardo Vargues | Fisioterapeuta


  1. Luijsterburg PA, Verhagen AP, Ostelo RW, van Os TA, Peul WC, Koes BW. Effectiveness of conservative treatments for the lumbosacral radicular syndrome: a systematic review. Eur Spine J. 2007.

  2. Ostelo RWJG. Physiotherapy management of sciatica. Journal of Physiotherapy. 2020.

  3. American Physical Therapy Association. (2021). Sciatica.

  4. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. (2022). Sciatica.


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